Pashmina is considered the finest craftsmanship in the world which transforms the exceptionally warm and delicate Cashmere threads to opulent accessories. The fleece of Chyangra Goat is known as Pashm which is an Urdu word & has origin in Farsi. This goat is exotic and is only found there, making the art of Pashmina even rarer and revered all over the world. Pashmina has fascinated kings, royals, and people all over the world by its magical allure and a traditional grace, it's Allegiants and it's softness. Perhaps this was the reason why we chose to showcase the exquisiteness and regal demeanor of this centuries old art to the world.
Pashmina is an art that originates from Nepal. This art is something that has been perfected by local artisans for centuries now. Processing fine Cashmere to make Pashmina shawls needs hard work, meticulous efforts, and immense patience, and that is what craftsmen display.
The Nepal is a small landlocked country in southern Asia, bordered on the north by Chinese Tibet and by India to the east, south and west. It is one of the developing nations of the Globe. This is famous for it's arts, architectures, specialized renowned for handicrafts, bio-diversity and birth place of lord Buddha and the great Himalayan mountain range which belongs the world's eight of the Top 10 highest peaks including the world's highest peak, mount Everest. Nepal has a market economy largely based on agriculture and forestry. pashmina products, Hand-woven carpets and textiles have long been traditional products. Pashmina cashmere shawls were first made by Mugal craftsmen for Emperor Akbar to give to his chosen wives and in the early 19th Century these shawls were a favorite of Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. As in 19th century France. Now Pashmina cashmere shawls have become a converted fashion accessories for All.
The word Pashmina comes from ‘Pashm’. Pashm is a Persian word that literally translates to ‘soft gold’. In Nepal, Pashmina is the art of transforming soft Cashmere wool into luxury shawls, stoles, or wearable accessories.
Pashmina shawl is one of the most sought after wraps around the globe. Pashmina shawls are fashioned by a lengthy and labor intensive process in which fine Cashmere wool of a Himalayan goat is ethically acquired and processed for years to furnish the world-famous Nepali Pashmina. It is not only the process which makes it special but a number of other things too, which makes it popular amongst known celebrities and it has been so since the 15th century.
Over the mighty Himalayas, the Capra Hircus Laniger goat is found in Nepal. For this reason, it is also known as Chyangra goat (Local name in Nepal). The goat can survive at any place in Nepal. But the ones found over 18000 feet are the ones that survive, as well as grow Pashmina wool. The growth of this fine and ultra-smooth wool is an adaptive response to the harsh terrain where winter temperature falls to -40 degrees. Raw Cashmere has a unique sheen, and fine fibers are as thin as 12-16 microns in diameter. Note that the human hair has an average diameter of 50 microns, and this makes Cashmere 7 to 8 times thinner of a human hair!
The finest of Cashmere comes from Chyangra goats. They collect Cashmere by professionally combing the goats in late spring and early summer when goats molt. It should be noted that goats are not sheared, but combed to avoid fiber breakage and to maintain the fiber length. Consequently, in the later days of summer, Cashmere is brought to Kathmandu (Capital city of Nepal) for processing.
The art of Pashmina making is an ancient one. But it hardly matters to Nepali artisans who have long perfected it. Due to the extremely fragile nature of Cashmere fibre, Nepali craftsmen and women have always preferred to use hands while processing it. The strain of a machine would break the fibre, and it would lose its distinctive nature. Cleaning is done by hand, and any foreign particle attached to the fibre is removed. Then it is placed in a contained which is filled with rice powder. This way, it gains more strength and luster.
After three days, Cashmere is removed from this mixture and cleaned thoroughly. Now it is sent to craftsmen, who await its arrival for spinning it. Spinning is done on a wooden spinning wheel called ‘Yinder’ locally. Spinning transforms lumps of wool into fine threads. As long threads come out of the spinning wheel, they are handed over to handloom workers, who transform them into luxury Pashmina shawls, stoles, hijabs, scarves, and apparel.